Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that has been used for more than 100 years. Cocaine can increase the amount of energy, awareness, and alertness in your brain. It can also interfere with your ability to sleep, making you feel tired and sleepy. Here's what happens during the cycle of cocaine use:
Cocaine is a stimulant that causes the brain to release large amounts of dopamine. The dopamine burst can make you awake, alert, energetic, and euphoric. You may feel like you can do anything you put your mind to or invincible. This is very dangerous because you may not think about the consequences of your actions.
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps control the brain's reward and pleasure centers. It also affects attention, learning, movement, and emotion. Serotonin is another neurotransmitter released by cocaine use, responsible for mood regulation and sleep cycles, among other things.
Dopamine and serotonin levels spike when you do something pleasurable—like taking a hit of cocaine—and this causes your body to feel good for a little while before crashing back down again (the crash). The rush from the high from using cocaine can vary depending on how much you take or what method of use you choose.
Cocaine is both a downer drug and a stimulant. It has both energizing and relaxing properties. It also affects your heart rate, blood pressure, breathing rate, and temperature control—making it a dangerous drug to use recreationally, especially if you have any underlying health conditions (like high blood pressure).
Cocaine causes your brain to release dopamine and serotonin. These two chemicals are responsible for making you happy, but they only last as long as the drug is in your system. Once that happens, you'll start to crash. The crash can be intense and uncomfortable: you'll feel tired, irritable, anxious, and sometimes depressed. Many people who use cocaine report feeling like they're suffering from a bad case of flu-like symptoms—they're exhausted all day long and don't want to eat or drink anything because of how vile it makes them feel. They may want to stay in bed all day, eat only small amounts of food, and avoid going out of the house because they're so exhausted.
It's a depressant. Cocaine is ultimately a downer drug, which increases the dopamine in your brain, causing you to feel euphoric. But because cocaine is an artificial stimulant and not an adrenaline boost like caffeine, it will eventually leave you with a crash—and that crash can last for days. It’s essential to stay hydrated during this time and get plenty of rest. Once you have the energy, reaching out for professional help is the next best thing you can do.
Cocaine makes it challenging to fall asleep and stay asleep. It suppresses REM sleep—the part of the night when most dreaming occurs—and disturbs sleep architecture (the order in which stages of sleep occur). As a result, the stimulant effects of cocaine can cause insomnia (trouble falling or staying asleep), wakefulness during the night, and poor-quality sleep with frequent awakenings.
Cocaine can cause many different side effects, including:
Although it produces a stimulating effect at first, it eventually results in exhaustion and depression. So even though it makes you feel energetic initially, cocaine is a downer drug that will ultimately leave you exhausted and depressed.
Cocaine is an upper (sympathetic nervous system) and a downer (parasympathetic nervous system). This means that it stimulates your body's sympathetic nervous system to give you energy but also causes depression because of its effects on your parasympathetic nervous system.
Cocaine makes you feel more tired and depressed than before you took it, which can lead to increased anxiety and even panic attacks. If you’re struggling with cocaine addiction or have seen signs of abuse in someone close to you, we can help.
Call Passages Addiction Treatment Centers today and speak with an admissions coordinator for more information on our treatment programs and how we can help you or your loved one recover from addiction.